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A watch function which produces an audible tone at a predefined time to alert the wearer of an event. Some watches feature multiple alarms. 

A watch which uses physical hands to display the time rather than an LCD. 

A watch powered by an internal main spring wound up by the movement of the watch itself. Click here for more information.

Base metal
This is a term used to refer to any metal type which is non-precious. Precious metals are gold, silver and platinum. Metals such as stainless steel and brass are classed as base metals. 

A battery powered watch is called a Quartz watch. It is powered by a small button sized battery which is fitted into the electronic chip inside the watch. Click here for more information.

The bezel is the outer ring around the dial of the watch. 

When a watch strap is made from metal, it is referred to as a bracelet. This usually means it is made up of a series of metal links which can be added or removed as required to fit the wearer's wrist. 

Bracelet set

This comprises of a watch which is supplied with a matching bracelet, usually to be worn on the other wrist.

The buckle is the fastening fitted to watches with leather straps. 

The term carat can refer to one of two things:

  1. The purity of the gold used (usually 9 carat or 18 carat).
  2. The total diamond weight (measured in carat).

A chronograph is commonly referred to as a stop watch. Chronograph watches come in both analogue and digital varieties and allow the wearer to start, stop and reset timings. 

This is often called the winder or the button. The crown is the part of the watch that sticks out and allows the wearer to set the time. It can also be used to calibrate chronographs and other general watch functions (such as setting the date).

The dial is the face of the watch. It is the part which is situated under the glass. 

A digital watch is generally fitted with an LCD (Liquid crystal display) or LED (light emitting diode) rather than analogue hands.

A standard of water resistancy used by Rotary which means your watch is suitable for all forms of water activity except deep sea diving. 

Dual time
A watch which features two independent movements, therefore allowing the user to set two different time zones. Often used for travelling.

Exhibition case
A watch with a see-through dial, where the internal movement of the watch can be seen from either the front, back or both.

The glass of the watch is on the front and used to protect the dial. There are various types of glass (e.g mineral and sapphire). 

Gold plated 
Gold plated watches are usually made from stainless steel and then coated in real gold. These days almost all quality watches are PVD gold plated, meaning that during the plating process the gold actually penetrates into the stainless steel. This helps prevent it from rubbing off.

The mark, which is legally required in the UK, used to identify a genuine gold watch. All gold watches sold by Watch Shop UK contain the official UK hallmark. 

The hands are the arms which rotate and point to tell the time. 

The keeper is the loop attached to the strap which keeps it in place once it has been passed through the buckle.

A mechanical watch is commonly referred to as a wind up watch. Click here for more information.

The term movement refers to the inner workings of a watch. Every watch has an internal movement be it automatic, mechanical or quartz. 

Nickel is a term often associated with watches and jewelry because many people are allergic to it. All stainless steel or gold plated watches contain very small amounts of nickel. Every watch sold by Watch Shop conforms to EEC regulations. Please be aware that base metal watches are never completely nickel free. For those who are allergic to nickel we recommend titanium watches. 

The pin is the metal pole which is used to fasten either the watch strap or bracelet to the lugs of the watch. 

Precious metal
This refers to either gold, silver or platinum. 

Sapphire glass
Sapphire is a substance used to make watch glass, particularly on higher end models. The hardness of sapphire as a substance makes the glass more scratch resistant. 

Stainless Steel
The most common material used for the creation of watches. It is rust-proof and highly durable, and is also versatile in terms of its appearance. Stainless steel is regarded as the ideal metal type for watches. 

Swiss made
Switzerland, the world renowned home of watch making, holds a specific term for watches which have been produced in the country. A watch which is classed as Swiss Made must has been assembled and tested in Switzerland, and also the internal movement of the watch must be at least half Swiss. 

The strap is generally made of leather or fabric. If the 'strap' is made from metal, it is called a bracelet.

Screw down crown
A crown which, instead of pushing in and pulling out, screws down to increase the water resistancy of the watch.

Water resistancy
Please click here for an in depth explanation.

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